I have recently been playing around with ASP.NET MVC 5 via Visual Studio 2013 and the new ASP.NET Identity libraries. While the project templates mostly help you get to where you need to go when starting a brand new application, upgrading from the first Identity package (1.0) to the latest stable (2.0) wasn’t quite as smooth as I expected. For reference, Visual Studio 2013 Update 1 project templates use the 1.0 version of the ASP.NET Identity libraries. Visual Studio 2013 Update 2 RC (at the time of this writing), uses the 2.0 version.
By default, the project templates will set you up with a database schema that is accessible via EntityFramework and Code First. Since the templates utilize Code First, you will need to manage database migrations. And that’s where the trouble came in when upgrading from 1.0 to 2.0. The database schema changed (and will require code migrations) as a result of upgrading since the library supports new features like email confirmation, phone numbers, new primary keys, new indexes, and more. Attempting to run the application after simply upgrading all the libraries through NuGet gave me this essay of an error:
The model backing the ‘ApplicationDbContext’ context has changed since the database was created. This could have happened because the model used by ASP.NET Identity Framework has changed or the model being used in your application has changed. To resolve this issue, you need to update your database. Consider using Code First Migrations to update the database (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=301867). Before you update your database using Code First Migrations, please disable the schema consistency check for ASP.NET Identity by setting throwIfV1Schema = false in the constructor of your ApplicationDbContext in your application.
public ApplicationDbContext() : base(“ApplicationServices”, throwIfV1Schema:false)
Fortunately, the error message itself and a blog post gets you a good portion closer to finishing the upgrade process. By changing the constructor of ApplicationDbContext to pass in false to its base class for throwIfV1Schema, you can avoid this exception and force your way through the migration steps. So, in brief:
- Open the Package Manager Console
- If you haven’t for this project, type Enable-Migrations to allow code migrations to be used in your project
- Type Add-Migration IdentityUpdate to create a migration script so the database schema can be brought up to speed to match the new model that was updated as a result of moving from 1.0 to 2.0. Note that the name of the migration can be anything.
Step 3 should fail if you have the same scenario as I did. You’ll probably see this error (which isn’t mentioned in the above linked blog post):
System.Data.Entity.Core.MetadataException: Schema specified is not valid. Errors:
(0,0) : error 0004: Could not load file or assembly ‘Microsoft.AspNet.Identity.EntityFramework, Version=22.214.171.124, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31bf3856ad364e35’ or one of its dependencies. The located assembly’s manifest definition does not match the assembly reference. (Exception from HRESULT: 0x80131040)