Solving a Simple ODE with Simulink

If you have just started learning Simulink, one of the easiest tasks is solving a simple ordinary differential equation. In fact, most of the beginning guides you will find through web searches will probably be similar to the example I am going to provide. Let’s start by assuming you have the following common spring-damper system. For reference, m is mass, c is the damper coefficient, k is the spring coefficient, x is the position, x-prime is the velocity, x-double-prime is the acceleration, and f(t) is a step-input function with a magnitude of 3.

p1formula

We begin first by solving for the second derivative of x. In this case, it ends up solving to:

p1formula_s

Now, it is time to place this into Simulink using the following blocks:

  • 2 integrator blocks
  • 3 gain blocks
  • 1 sum block
  • 1 step input block
  • 1 scope output block

Step 1) Connect two integrator blocks together to simulate a double integration as seen below:
step1

Step 2) Add the appropriate gain blocks to simulate c*x’ and kx.
step2

Step 3) Add the sum block to simulate f(t) – cx’ – kx.
step3

Step 4) Add the gain block after the summation to simulate the multiplication of (1 / m) and the step input function as the third input to the sum block added in Step 3. Make sure the step input function has the properties of Step Time = 0, Initial Value = 0, Final Value = 3.
step4

Step 5) Add the scope block for output after the second integration to view the plotted contents of the numerical solution.
step5

Using the following values for variables and initial conditions, you should see the plotted results as follows:
x(0)=0, x’(0)=0, x”(0)=0, m=0.25, c=0.5, k=1
results

2 thoughts on “Solving a Simple ODE with Simulink

  1. Your post is really worthwhile. I am glad that i learned many things from your post
    Actually many other books and pdf file teach but some time they go for the initial biggener that it becomes useless and some times they go for so much theory that main topics are out of control.

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